Fostering Tribal Cultural Heritage for Decolonization and Nation Building: The Modi Government’s Remarkable Initiatives



India, known for its rich cultural tapestry, boasts a hidden gem in its diverse tribal communities. These indigenous groups have their unique customs, traditions, and lifestyles. Celebrating India’s tribal cultural heritage is not just a cultural pursuit but a means of preserving the roots of the nation. In this article, we will delve into the remarkable initiatives by the Modi Government in this regard.

Understanding India’s Tribal Diversity

India is home to an astounding array of tribal communities, each with its distinct culture, language, and traditions. From the Bodos in Assam to the Munda in West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand, the diversity among these communities is awe-inspiring. Their intricate art forms, traditional practices, and folklore are a testament to their rich heritage.

Challenges Faced by Tribal Communities

Despite their cultural wealth, tribal communities often grapple with poverty, lack of education, and healthcare disparities. Their isolation from mainstream society has perpetuated these challenges. The Modi Government recognized the need for inclusive development and initiated measures to address these issues.

Modi Government’s Initiatives

The government has introduced several noteworthy initiatives to safeguard and promote tribal cultural heritage. The ‘Van Dhan Yojana‘ empowers tribal communities by providing training in sustainable harvesting and processing of forest products. This not only improves their income but also preserves traditional knowledge.


Promotion of Tribal Arts and Crafts

Under the ‘Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India (TRIFED),’ tribal artisans are getting a platform to showcase their craftsmanship. Products like handwoven textiles, tribal jewelry, and pottery are gaining global recognition, ensuring a steady source of income for these artisans.

Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India

Education and Healthcare for Tribals

The Modi Government’s ‘Eklavya Model Residential Schools‘ program focuses on education in tribal-dominated areas. These schools offer quality education while respecting tribal cultures. Moreover, the ‘Ayushman Bharat’ scheme has improved healthcare access for these communities, resulting in a reduction in mortality rates.

Preservation of Tribal Languages

Language is a vital part of any culture, and the government acknowledges this. Various initiatives are in place to document, preserve, and promote tribal languages. This not only ensures the survival of these languages but also strengthens the tribal identity.

Economic Empowerment of Tribals

Schemes like ‘Start-up Village Entrepreneurship Program‘ are nurturing tribal entrepreneurship. From organic farming to small-scale businesses, these initiatives are uplifting tribal economies and reducing poverty.

Tourism Promotion

India’s tribal heritage is a unique attraction for tourists. By promoting tribal villages as eco-tourism destinations, the government has provided livelihood opportunities to tribal communities while preserving their traditions.

Safeguarding Tribal Rights

The Forest Rights Act and PESA (Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act) empower tribal communities with land rights and self-governance. The Modi Government has been instrumental in implementing these legal safeguards effectively.

The Forest Rights Act and PESA

Global Recognition of Tribal Heritage

India’s tribal heritage has garnered international recognition. The inclusion of Kumbh Mela on UNESCO’s Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity is a testament to the world’s growing appreciation of India’s tribal culture.

Impact and Benefits

These government initiatives have transformed the lives of tribal communities. Improved income, access to education, and healthcare have resulted in a better quality of life. Furthermore, tribal culture is being celebrated on a global scale, reinforcing India’s identity.

Future Prospects

The journey of celebrating India’s tribal cultural heritage continues. Upcoming projects aim to build on the existing foundation, ensuring that tribal communities thrive and their rich culture flourishes.


Preserving and celebrating India’s tribal cultural heritage is not just a matter of cultural pride but a step towards a more inclusive and diverse India. The Modi Government’s remarkable initiatives have been pivotal in this journey, and as we move forward, the tribal heritage of India remains a source of inspiration and strength for all.

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