Madhya Pradesh to Grant 35% Reservation for Women in Government Jobs

By NAYAN SING

In a significant move towards promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment, the Madhya Pradesh government has unveiled a groundbreaking policy. This new policy reserves 35% of all state government job positions for women, excluding those in the Forest Department. This progressive amendment to the Madhya Pradesh Civil Services (Special Provision for Appointment of Women) Rules, 1997, comes at a crucial juncture, just ahead of the upcoming state assembly elections.

Breaking Down the Policy

The notification states, “Notwithstanding anything contained in any service rules, there shall be reserved 35% of all posts in the service under the state (except Forest Department) in favor of women at the stage of direct recruitment, and the said reservation shall be horizontal and compartment-wise.” This announcement is significant not only for its commitment to gender equality but also for introducing the concepts of “horizontal” and “compartment-wise” reservations.

Understanding Horizontal Reservation

Horizontal reservation is a concept aimed at providing equal opportunities to various categories of beneficiaries, such as women, veterans, the transgender community, and individuals with disabilities, across different segments or compartments of government job positions. It ensures that these categories have a fair and equitable chance to secure employment, cutting through the vertical categories. This approach aligns with the constitutional principle of equal opportunity and is exemplified by Article 15(3) of the Constitution.

The Significance of “Compartment-Wise” Reservation

“Compartment-wise” refers to a strategy that divides or categorizes different aspects or components of the program into separate compartments or segments. Each compartment may have its own set of rules, objectives, or criteria. In the case of Madhya Pradesh’s new policy, “compartment-wise” reservation means that the 35% quota for women will be applied in a manner that considers different departments or sectors separately, ensuring that women have access to a diverse range of government job opportunities.

Chief Minister’s Announcement

Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan unveiled this historic decision, announcing that 35% of job vacancies in the police force and other government positions will be exclusively reserved for women. Additionally, an impressive 50% of teaching positions will be reserved for women, emphasizing the government’s commitment to gender balance and women’s empowerment in the education sector.

Madhya Pradesh Govt.

Empowering Women Beyond Employment

In a parallel effort, Chief Minister Chouhan accelerated the transfer of financial assistance to beneficiaries under the “Ladli Bahna Yojana,” a flagship welfare program for women. Under this scheme, eligible beneficiaries receive ₹1,250 per month from the state government.

National Context

This decision aligns closely with the recent approval of the ‘Women’s Reservation Bill’ in Parliament, a significant step endorsed by President Droupadi Murmu. Additionally, the ‘Nari Shakti Vandan Adhniyam,’ which mandates a 33% reservation for women in the Lok Sabha and state legislative assemblies, was unanimously passed. Notably, this historic achievement makes it the inaugural bill enacted in the newly constructed Parliament building.

Setting a Precedent for Gender Equality

As Madhya Pradesh prepares to elect legislators from its 230 assembly constituencies, these progressive measures serve as a testament to the state’s commitment to ensuring equal opportunities and representation for women in government employment, setting a significant precedent for gender equality in India.

Conclusion

Madhya Pradesh’s decision to grant 35% reservation for women in government jobs is a commendable step towards achieving gender equality and women’s empowerment. By introducing horizontal and compartment-wise reservations, the state ensures that women from diverse backgrounds have a fair chance at securing government positions. Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan’s commitment to this cause and the parallel efforts to empower women beyond employment reflect the state’s dedication to gender balance and women’s welfare.

FAQS

What is horizontal reservation?

Horizontal reservation is a concept aimed at providing equal opportunities to various categories of beneficiaries across different segments of government job positions, ensuring fairness and equality.

How does compartment-wise reservation work?

Compartment-wise reservation divides different aspects of a program into separate segments, each with its own set of rules. In the context of Madhya Pradesh’s policy, it ensures that women have access to a diverse range of government job opportunities.

What are the key highlights of Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan’s announcement?

Chief Minister Chouhan announced that 35% of job vacancies in the police force and other government positions will be exclusively reserved for women, along with 50% of teaching positions.

What is the Ladli Bahna Yojana?

The Ladli Bahna Yojana is a welfare program for women in Madhya Pradesh, providing eligible beneficiaries with ₹1,250 per month from the state government.

How does this policy align with national developments?

Madhya Pradesh’s policy aligns with the ‘Women’s Reservation Bill’ passed in Parliament, mandating 33% reservation for women in the Lok Sabha and state legislative assemblies, marking a significant step towards gender equality in India.

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